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Yanornis martini

This pigeon size bird from the Early Cretaceous of China was close to the ancestry of modern birds.  The front half of a fossil of Yanornis has been combined with the tail of the dromaeosaur dinosaur Microraptor to form the paleontological forgery "Archaeoraptor".


Yanornis martini


Zhou & Zhang, 2001

Meaning of the generic name

Yan (from the Yan dynasty) bird.
 Meaning of the specific name

 In honor of Larry D. Martin for his contribution to the study of Mesozoic birds.


Skull length: 6.5 cm, Length: 30 cm?


Holotype (IVPP V12558) :  Complete skeleton.
Referred Specimens: V10996 (incomplete skeleton).

Age and Distribution

Horizon: Jiutotang Formation, Early Cretaceous (Aptian).
Locality: Chaoyang City and Yixian County, Liaoning Province, China.


Aves Ornithuromorpha Yanornithiformes Yanornithidae

  Further Reading

  X. Zhou and F. Zhang. 2001. Two new ornithurine birds from the Early Cretaceous of western Liaoning, China . Chinese Science Bulletin 46(15):1258-1264

  Synonyms   Archaeoraptor liaoningensis Sloan, 1999 (nomen nudum); Archaeovolans repatriatus Czerkas & Xu, 2002

Line drawing of the holotype (IVPP V12558) of Yanornis martini. From Zhou & Zhang, 2001.