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Anthracosaurus russelli

Anthracosaurus russelli was a large (estimated length of 3 meters) predatorial eel-like creature that lived in the swamps of Scotland during the Upper Carboniferous. The eel-like shape of the body  is assumed on the basis of related genera but the details of the postcranial skeleton is a mystery as only skull fragments of this animal have been found mainly in the Coal Measures of Scotland. A. russelli is currently the only recognized species as A. lancifer from Linton, Ohio, also known from a skull, has been synonymized with Leptophractus obsoletus.





Name


Anthracosaurus russelli


Authority
   

Huxley, 1863


Meaning of the generic name


Coal Lizard


Size


Skull length: 40 cm, Length: 3 m


Remains


Skulls and skull fragments.


Age and Distribution


Blackband Ironstone of Airdie, near Glasgow, Scotland (Westphalain B); Usworth Colliery, Washington, Tyne and Wear, England (Westphalian A), UK


Classification


Tetrapoda Emblomeri Anthracosauridae

  Further Reading


Huxley, T. H., 1863, Description of Anthracosaurus russelli, a new labyrinthodont form the Lanarkshire coal field: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 19, p. 56-68.
Clack J.A. (1987) Two new specimens of Anthracosaurus (Amphibia: Anthracosauria) from the Northumberland Coal Measures. Palaeontology, 30, 15-26.

 Synonyms







Illustration by D. Bogdanov
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